Spelling, Grammar and Proofreading

By | January 22, 2018

The objectives of this lesson are to:

  • Recognise reading strategies
  • Use spelling strategies
  • Recognise homophones
  • Effectively use apostrophes
  • Plan writing
  • Proofread for spelling and grammatical errors
  • Record learner support
  • Use the English marking strategy

Spelling Strategies

Spelling strategies are tips to help you to remember how to spell certain words

  1. Say it as it looks
  • Saying a word as it looks helps you remember the spelling, most people use this without thinking of it as a strategy i.e. Wed nes day
  1. Syllables
  • Some spellings are easier to remember if you split a word up into syllables  e. Tem/per/a/ture
  1. Personal spelling dictionary
  • Make a list of any words that you have difficulty with, this could be in a notepad or a list on your computer or phone
  • Every time you use the word you can check its spelling on your list
  • This will be personal to you and can be written in a way that helps you to remember the word i.e. Bus I ness
  1. Mnemonics

A memory aid which can help you to remember spellings:

  • You can use mnemonics to help you remember the spelling of words
  • Silly or funny phrases tend to be the most memorable
  • It can be a sentence or phrase
  • Is a good strategy for uncommon letter patterns i.e. The word ‘rhythm’ can be remembered with the following mnemonic – Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move

Some examples:

Word Possible spelling strategy Possible spelling strategy
Separate Sep/ar /ate Sepa / rate
Definitely Def/in/ite/ly DefinItely
Embarrass Em/bar/rass Embarrass
Consensus Con/sen/sus
Broccoli Broc/coli Broccoli
Referred Refer/red Re/ferr/ed


Homophone Definition Example
To To show motion I’m walking to the shop
Two The number 2 It’s two o’clock
Too More than enough




I’m too cold


Bob’s coming to my party and Pat is coming too

There Shows place


Often used to start a sentence

Your hat is over there


There are three children in our family

Their It belongs to them I like their dog


They’re Short for ‘they are’ I think they’re sisters
Were Past tense of ‘are’ The books were kept on the shelf
We’re Short for ‘we are’ We’re going to the shops
Wear What you do with clothes


What can happen to things with age

I can’t find anything to wear


The cliff has started to wear away

Where Finding a place or direction Where are you going?
Your It belongs to you Don’t forget your coat
You’re Short for ‘you are’ I think you’re lost